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Census 2000: Disability Status
 
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Americans with Disabilities

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  Nearly 1-in-5 U.S. residents* age 5 and over were counted in the last census as having some type of long lasting condition or disability**. Census 2000 showed that disability rates rise with age and there is a significant difference between males and females. Seven percent of boys and 4 percent of girls ages 5 to 15 have disabilities; 20% of men and 18 % of women ages 16 to 64 have disabilities; and, 43% of women and 40 % of men 65 and over have disabilities. Disabilities were classified as four different types: Sensory (including Sight or Hearing), with 9.3 million people: Physical (limiting basic physical activities), with 21.2 million people; Mental (a physical, mental or emotional condition causing difficulty in learning, remembering or concentrating) with 12.4 million people; and, Self-care (a physical, mental or emotional condition causing difficulty in dressing, bathing or getting around the home), with 6.8 million people.  
  Almost 40% of those counted with a disability lived in the South, with the proportion of the disabled population in the other three regions closer to 20%. The highest state disability rate was found in West Virginia (24.4%), a state with the highest median age in the country. The lowest state disability rate was shared by Alaska, Utah and Minnesota (15%).  
  *Nineteen percent (49.7 million) of people age 5 and over (in the civilian noninstitutionalized population). **Individuals are classified as having a disability if any of the following three conditions are true: (1) they are 5 years old and over and have a sensory, physical, mental or self-care disability; (2) they are 16 yeaers old and over and have difficulty going outside the home; or (3) they are 16-to-64 years old and have an employment disability.  
     
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Disabilities in the U.S.
Sources: US Census Bureau; Census 2000;
Census 2000 Brief, Disability Status: 2000, [PDF 529k]

2000 DISABLED POPULATION
BY TYPE OF DISABILITY
2000 PERCENTAGE POPULATION 5 AND OLDER
WITH DISABILITY BY STATE
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