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Population Profiles:
Women and Men
 
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Mom's the Word

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  Just how many moms are there in the United States today? About 75 million. Thirty-five million of them are in their childbearing years, age 15-44—and they're having less children. In 2000, only 11 percent of women at the end of their childbearing years (40-44) had four or more children, compared with more than three times that percentage in 1976. Nineteen percent of all women, ages 40-44, have no children at all—that's twice as high as women of the same age group in 1980 (10 percent). And 43 percent of women in their childbearing ages (15-44 years old) were childless in 2000. Overall, in the year 2000, less was more: less children being born, less mothers of infants in the workforce (decreased 4% since 1998), less mothers on welfare (decreased 50% since 1996!), but more single moms. By the year 2000, single mothers had increased from 3 million to 10 million from 1970. About 26% of all parent-child situations consist of a single mother, up from 12 percent in 1970. Nearly 31 million households—about 3 in 10—are maintained by women with no husband present.  
  Fast Fact(s): You're most likely to be a mother in Kentucky, where 67% of women have at least one child. And, while the average number of children per mother in the U.S. has dropped dramatically from 3 to 2 children in 20 years, Utah, a state that produces the top teen birth rate, is the only state that continues to carry a 3-child average.  
     
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U.S. Women with Children 2000
Source: US Census Bureau; Census 2000; Current Population Survey
Fertility of Americna Women: June 2000 [PDF 245K]

NUMBER OF CHILDREN PER MOTHER
AGE 15-44 BY PERCENTAGE
LABOR FORCE PARTICIPATION OF
MOTHERS AGE 15-44 WITH INFANT
MOTHERS AGE 15-44 WHO HAD
A CHILD IN 2000 BY PROPORTION
OF SELECTED CHARACTERISTICS
(Scale in percent)
PROPORTION OF MOTHERS AGE 15-44
BY STATE (National Average: 57.2%)
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