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Census 2000: Adopted Children
 
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The World of Adoption

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  Census 2000 counted 2.1 million adopted children in the United States, living in 1.7 million households (1.6-out-of-100 households).* Among these households, 82% had one adopted child, while 15% had two and 3% had three adopted children.  
  While adopted children in the U.S. are predominantly native-born (87%), 13 percent are adopted from a foreign country—and the figure is growing. The number of immigrant visas issued to orphans coming to the United States for adoption increased from about 7,000 in 1990 to nearly 18,000 in 2000*. Nearly half of foreign-born children are from Asia, with Korea being the largest single-country source at 22% (see table below for other single-country data). Another third are from Latin America, and 16% are from Europe, although this number has recently increased. Of all adoptions in 2000, twenty-seven percent of children under six years old were from Europe and most of those (82%) were from Russia
or Romania.
 
  * Totals from U.S. State Department web site: www.travel.state.gov/orphan_numbers.html. Census 2000 is the first census to include "adopted son/daughter" as one of the options under the relationship-to-householder question separate from "natural born son/daughter" and "stepson/stepdaughter." There is no trend data from the 1990 Census.  
     
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Adopted Children in the U.S.
Sources: US Census Bureau; Census 2000;
Census Bureau Report, Adopted Children and Stepchildren: 2000, [PDF 529k]

2000 ADOPTED FOREIGN BORN CHILDREN
BY CONTINENT OF ORIGIN
CENSUS 2000: SOURCE OF FOREGN-BORN ADOPTIONS
Only significant country figures are listed. The subtotals listed for these countries
do not add up to the total for their specified continent.
CONTINENT / COUNTRY UNDER 18 YEARS OVER 18 YEARS TOTAL PERCENT
TOTAL FOREIGN-BORN 199,136 58,656 100.0%
EUROPE TOTAL 36,800 5,570 16.5%
Russia 19,631 577 7.8%
Romania 6,183 146 2.5%
Ukraine 2,328 436 1.1%
ASIA TOTAL 98,368 24,531 47.9%
China 21,053 1,357 8.7%
India 7,793 1,786 3.7%
Korea 47,555 9,270 22.0%
Philippines 6,286 3,542 3.8%
Vietnam 4,291 3,086 2.9%
AFRICA TOTAL 3,111 1,196 1.7%
LATIN AMERICA TOTAL 58,166 25,774 32.7%
Guatemala 7,357 1,071 3.3%
Mexico 18,201 9,889 10.9%
El Salvador 2,254 2,221 1.7%
Columbia 7,054 2,602 3.7%
NORTHERN AMERICA TOTAL 1,576 1,221 1.1%
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